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Nødvendig å etablere et nytt karanteneregelverk for sokkelarbeidere som er bosatt i utlandet
I et felles brev til helseministeren foreslår Industri Energi, Fellesforbundet, Norsk olje og gass, Norges Rederiforbund og Norsk Industri endringer i karanteneregelverket for arbeidstakere som ankommer Norge for å jobbe på sokkelen.
Olje, energi og klimakamp
Krav om utslippskutt gjør at flere oljeselskaper nå satser på fornybar energi. Men kan havvind noen gang bli like lønnsomt som olje og gass?

Google translate:

Oil, energy and climate change
Demands for emission cuts mean that more oil companies are now investing in renewable energy. But can offshore wind ever be as profitable as oil and gas?

The PSA has been given government responsibility for safety within offshore wind on the Norwegian shelf. In a series of articles, we take a closer look at what offshore wind power is and how the new industry can be regulated. We are also investigating what it is that makes more and more oil companies now invest in renewable energy - and what consequences this has. The article is taken from the magazine Dialog.

The petroleum industry has long been in severe weather, even before the corona crisis and low oil prices.

Authorities and owners are demanding cuts in carbon emissions. Investors withdraw their money. Newspapers do not accept fossil ads. Artists turn down scholarships from oil companies. Young people demonstrate in the streets and want an end to all oil activities.

 - The companies are exposed to strong pressure from several quarters. The pressure from institutional investors has increased so much in the last couple of years that you can no longer operate as a large European oil and gas company without having a strategy for how to reduce carbon emissions. This is something completely new, says Valentina Kretzschmar, head of corporate research at the global analysis company Wood Mackenzie.

Photo by Valentina Kretzschmar
- The pressure on the oil industry is constantly increasing, and it is considered risky to invest in it. In comparison, investing in renewable projects has clear advantages, says Valentina Kretzschmar in the analysis company Wood Mackenzie.
Photo: Wood Mackenzie
The development particularly affects the large European companies. The European authorities require companies to pay attention to society and the environment, not just to shareholders. They have also set clear targets for cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. And consumers are targeting the oil industry when emissions targets are not met.

Some oil companies respond by investing more in renewable energy. Some withdraw completely from oil and gas. Some continue as before.

Renewables become profitable
It is almost impossible for oil companies to expand their business in renewable energy, as long as it has to compete with oil and gas projects that provide a much higher return, Kretzschmar stated in the summer of 2019.

- This was true in a 60 dollar per barrel scenario, but it does not apply if the oil is sold for 35 dollars per barrel. With such an oil price, investments in renewable projects can provide as great a return as oil and gas, she says.

At the end of March 2020, Kretzschmar published the report "Could clean energy be the winner in the oil price war"? Here she claimed that the corona crisis and the low demand for oil have accelerated the transition to renewable energy.

- What we in our models had expected would happen in 10-15 years, we now see unfold right in front of our eyes, she says.

Even if the oil price should rise again, something Wood Mackenzie assumes it will do from 2021, oil and gas are not as attractive as before.

- The pressure on the industry is constantly increasing, and it is considered risky to invest in it. In addition, there is uncertainty due to the large fluctuations in oil prices, and that oil and gas projects are very expensive to develop.

- In comparison, investing in renewable projects has clear advantages, the analyst believes.

- They represent low risk, low carbon emissions and low costs. Many oil companies therefore realize that it pays to spread the business, and not put all the eggs in one basket.

Kretzschmar has also registered a change of attitude within some of the oil companies.

- The vast majority of companies react reactively to external pressure. But we are beginning to see that someone is actually taking responsibility for limiting the harmful effects of climate change, says Kretzschmar.

She considers Equinor among the largest in Europe, and sees that the company is investing heavily in offshore wind. They have been followed by, among others, Shell and Total.

According to Kretzschmar, offshore wind fits very well with the core competence of these companies:

- They can transfer their knowledge and skills and use them to develop this new growth sector. We actually believe that offshore wind can deliver as large dividends and cash flows as the companies are used to from their oil and gas projects.

The PSA will be responsible for offshore wind
This is how the offshore wind industry works with safety
Facts about offshore wind
Necessary measures
Hildegunn T. Blindheim, Director of Climate and Environment in Norwegian Oil and Gas, dates the change of pace to December 2018. That was when the EU launched "A clean planet for all" - a strategy document that recommended net zero emissions in 2050.

Two months earlier, the UN Panel on Climate Change had published its report on the difference between global warming of one and a half and two degrees.

- The seriousness of climate change is indisputable. The EU is setting a clear direction, and we realized that here we must increase our efforts and set ourselves new and more ambitious goals than before, says Blindheim.

The measures in the EU have largely been about developing renewable energy, but the emission problems cannot be solved by electrification alone. The union has an industry that must reduce its emissions. Steelworks and cement factories require large amounts of electricity and heat, which is not possible to produce only with the help of sun and wind. When gas-fired power plants cannot be used as a backup solution and swing manufacturer, other solutions are needed. Such as hydrogen.

- If you burn hydrogen instead of gas, a hydrogen power plant will function as a solid, emission-free battery for various types of renewable energy, says Blindheim.

In addition, CO2 capture and storage facilities must be built to capture the emissions, both from this production and other activities. This must happen on such a large scale that it eventually becomes profitable.

- The technology is mature, but you have to get it built and rolled out so that you reduce costs, she points out.

New roadmap
Blindheim led the work of creating a new, revised climate roadmap for the oil industry. This resulted in the Konkraft report «The energy industry of the future on the Norwegian shelf. Climate strategy towards 2030 and 2050 », which was published in March 2020.

The roadmap states that the oil and gas industry in Norway will cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent in 2030 compared to 2005, and reduce them to close to zero in 2050.

- The absolute emissions of greenhouse gases remain at almost the same level from year to year, even if the industry implements measures. Despite the fact that we are beginning to see the contours of a decrease in emissions from the shelf, they will be stable or go up a little for another couple of years. This is because new fields are being put into production, Blindheim explains.

- When the industry decided on the new climate goals, it also saw that it was necessary to put in place new reporting and follow-up systems, so that it can settle the status along the way and ensure that the measures are implemented. This system is scheduled to be ready during the year.

According to Blindheim, there has been a maturation in the oil industry in the last couple of years. Instead of defending itself when it is identified as a problem, it has acknowledged that it may be able to solve many of the challenges facing the world:

- This is an industry that has crossed the Norwegian Channel and developed horizontal drilling. We have a lot of technological expertise, and not least the ability to carry out large, demanding industrial projects, which are necessary if Europe is to succeed in achieving its climate goals, says the director of climate and environment at Norwegian Oil and Gas.

Things take time
Leader of the trade union Industri Energi, Frode Alfheim, was involved in drawing the new climate roadmap. He says that the employees and the employers agree on the goals - and agree on the instruments.

According to Alfheim, it is about developing technology that can reduce emissions in its own sector even more, at the same time as new industry in the form of offshore wind, hydrogen and CO2 capture and storage is built up.

- We run mining on a non-renewable resource, he points out. - At some point, the mines begin to empty, or the resources become more and more difficult to extract.

- If we were to shut down all emission points in Norway, it would not have helped in the global climate fight. On the contrary. We had increased the global emissions of CO2, says Frode Alfheim in the trade union Industri Energi.
Photo: Marie von Krogh
The jobs in the oil and gas industry must be replaced, but according to Alfheim it will take several decades, and we must build on what we have.

- Those who talk about quitting oil in 2030, live in my head on a distant planet, he says.

- If we were to shut down all emission points in Norway, it would not have helped in the global climate fight. On the contrary. We had increased global emissions of CO2, he emphasizes, and points out that shale oil from the USA has 57 times higher emissions of CO2 per unit produced than oil from the Norwegian shelf.

Alfheim believes that we may be too hung up on oil being equal to fuel. He reminds us that petroleum is an input factor in a number of industries, and is part of a number of products we surround ourselves with and depend on - everything from plastics to medicines and textiles. Today, this amounts to only 11 percent of the annual consumption of oil and gas, but he believes the share will increase in the years to come.

- The corona and oil price crisis may lead to an increased investment in offshore wind, but energy consumption, and thus the demand for oil and gas, will probably grow as soon as the economy begins to pick up speed again. The oil industry will continue to be the most important contribution to employment and income for AS Norge, the union leader believes, and points out that offshore wind and other new industries are dependent on support and subsidies to become profitable.

- A subsidized industry can not support the welfare state, Alfheim points out.

- I think most people in Norway understand, more than ever, how important it is that we have this industry.

- And that we have been so wise that we nationalized the ownership of oil and gas.

With kind regards

Robert Jaques de Vries
Leder / manager

Address: Tenvikveien 64, N-3140 Nøtterøy, NORWAY
Phone: +47 92213442


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